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tv   BBC World News  WHUT  July 22, 2010 7:00am-7:30am EDT

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by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries.
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what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> this is g.m.t. direct action from to american mothers to treat their children. they visit the iranian and embassy in london pleading their children's release where they are accused of spying. >> they said we cannot help you. >> north korea's turn to offer threats of global security. arizonas controversial plans to tackle illegal immigration challenged in court by the obama administration. one final goal.
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>> hello, welcome. for 357 days cindy hickey has been in the states of overwhelming anxiety and dread. for all the time they have been battling to understand why their children were arrested and held in custody by iranian authorities. they are all accused of spying. they are all still held in tehran, but charged with nothing. >> they are approaching the first anniversary of their children's imprisonment, and they want them home.
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they have come to london to the iranian embassy with a letter. >> i am the mother of one of the three americans being held in prison. will you give the letter to the ambassador? >> it is not expected, a story that times with experience. their efforts sported at every turn. -- thrawted at every turn. >> it is unjust and needs to end. we feel like we have no control and we are tied up in between the battle of the two countries. >> they are all american and were hiking in iraq on july 31 last year when they were detained by iranian border guards. they have not been found guilty of anything, had not even been
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charged, but still they are being held in prison. >> in may the iranians did a range for their mothers to see them. a highly-charged moment, staged in managed by iranian tv. we looked drawn and tired but diplomatic when they describe the treatment. >> i am alone. that is the most difficult thing for me, but i see them twice a day. we have good food and and medical care, which is appreciated. we have reading materials and television. >> decent relationships with regards, sybil. -- with the guards, civil.
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>> the family says they will keep up the pressure to finally end this nightmare. >> we can speak now to the persian television channel just returned from the iranian embassy. that is pretty much an absolute blank isn't it? >> it is pretty sad watching the mothers trying to get justice for their children. i watched them go in basically and pressed the buzzer at the door of the embassy today. there was no response. they started knocking on the door. some voice came through, and it said we are coming, and then someone opened the door of huminches inches and said we cat
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help you. the mother said we want to get this letter as a request for meeting with the ambassador. the voice said that we cannot except in the letter, you have to post its. that was it. the door was shut on them. that was it. >> i can understand perhaps why they might take a more personal approach and think it would be more successful than pursuing diplomatic channels at this point. what is the iranian government's view of this case? >> the view is they are not quite clear. various people have said different things. apparently the authorities had told the lawyers they will be charged with entering the country illegally, but then we had a few weeks before that's a minister, intelligence minister,
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saying that there is evidence that these people, three of them, have been spying. he promised that evidence will be published soon. that was several weeks ago and we have not seen the evidence. later, we have the iranian minister saying they will be put on trial on unspecified charges. he did not specify the charges. the fact is it has been going on a year and have not been charged with either entering the country legally or spying. -- illegally or spying. >> north korea has called u.s. plans and south korea's plans a threat to global security. 20 ships and submarines and 100 aircraft are to take part in four days of maneuvers.
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>> the american secretary of state, hillary clinton, arriving in seoul. her message here on the subjects was vietnam is on the path to becoming a great nation with unlimited potential, but the u.s. would like to see improvements in this human rights record. she is also a here for this regional forum of the association of southeast asian nations. >> if the u.s. is really interested in the denucl earization, it should halt the military exercises and sanctions that destroyed that.
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hillary clinton came to vietnam from the south korean capital where she and the u.s. defense secretary, robert gates, laid flowers for the sailors who died in march on the sinking warship. north koreans strongly denied being involved. the wreckage it is a backdrop to new tensions on various fronts. new u.s. sanctions targeting north korea's leadership and joined south korean naval exercises due to start this weekend aimed at deterring north korea from contemplating that. this was a naval exercise in may, a response to the sinking of the warship. 20 ships and 200 planes are reported to be taking part in the new joint exercises. american said they strongly support the idea of cells correa demonstrating it can defend itself.
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china, north korea's main ally, has expressed concerns of its own. the diplomacy is likely to become more intense. >> at least 20 people have been killed between tribesmen and rebels in yemen. in a separate attack in the south, officials say al qaeda ambushed a military convoy, killing five soldiers. japan's prime minister published a book publicly questioning her husband's ability to lead the country. he calls his wife of 40 years his opposition in the home. he said he was too scared to read the book. the international court of justice is set to decide whether serbia was a legal.
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the ruling will not be binding, but has been watched closely by other countries including spain and china. more on that story later. shares in the u.s. and asia have fallen after the u.s. federal reserve chief, ben bernanke, described the outlook for the u.s. economy as unusually uncertain. he was given his twice yearly report to congress. he said further action might be needed to help the economy. >> arizona's controversial immigration act moves as center stage today, at this time as object of a lawsuit pursued by the obama administration and to be heard in court shortly. the act itself is due to take effect next week. it requires a local police and sheriffs to question and arrest anyone in the country illegally.
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two dozen organizations are involved in various lawsuits. we can go live to washington now. we will speak to the president of policy emigration institute. what is the basis for the case? >> they have argued that this is an area of law that has been preempted because of exclusive federal responsibility over these issues of immigration. it has been the exclusive domain of the federal government, and that is basically the argument. that this is something that the state may not regulate independently of the federal government. >> would you dispute the sense that they do have cause to act? perhaps it is the case that the federal law is not strong enough
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at the moment. >> it is not only that it is not strong enough, it is not being enforced. what you hear from arizona is that one of the ways to interpret one of the ways they're doing is a collective effort to basically tell the federal government to enforce its own laws, and the absence of doing so, arizona and other states have taken it into their own hands. >> one of the features of this law is the phrase, reasonable suspicion. it is not necessarily a catch all. if enacted responsibly, it would presumably have a role to play. >> it probably could, but it is about time for the federal courts and eventually the supreme court to determine whether the authority of the federal government is absolute or whether the states have some
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room for maneuvering. the essential item here is that not only does the state require its officers to enforce this law, but those people who are costs, have to serve a six-month sentence. it criminalizes the legal or unlawful presence in the country, in this case the state. a lot of people are offended by that. also, it makes officers of the state liable to be sued by any legal resident of arizona for failing to follow the laws and ask for monetary damages. >> sorry to interrupt you. thank you. we will wait to see what the court's decision is. coming up shortly, is kosovo independent or is it not? we will look at the possible
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consequences. >> conrad black has spent his first night as a free man after he was released from prison in florida. he is out on bail as he appealed the conviction of fraud he was given two years ago. steve kingston has the latest. >> a free man for now at least. our riding fight suv at his mansion in palm beach. tomorrow the former media mogul will appear in court in chicago where lawyers will request that he be allowed to return to his native canada. even former core opponents expect that request to be granted. >> i think you will eventually be allowed to go home. he has shown up for trial when he was being allowed to travel
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back and forth from canada. he showed up every day for a long trial. >> he was found guilty three years ago of defrauding shareholders in the publishing empire all winter to the tune of $6 million. -- publishing empire hollinger, to the tune of $6 million. she appealed to the u.s. supreme court, which last month ruled that the fraud conviction rested on the wall that was to it big. the case has been sent back to a lower court. -- the fraud conviction rested on a law that forwas towas too vague. there is plenty of legal
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argument still ahead. >> the main headlines. mothers of two american hikers held in iran is that the iranian embassy pleading for their release. a threat to global security. north korea condemns plans by u.s. and south korea for military exercises. well kosovo finally received international recognition a craves? -- will kosovar o finally received international recognition that it craves? the succession came after the cost of all war. it ended when nato bombed.
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>> there is a huge amount of expectation and serbia about this decision. they have called it the moment of truth. it is the most important decision since they broke away and serbia back into thousand eight. serbia and kosovo are craving a decision that favors them. if serbia wins, it will push for breafresh negotiations. the international community is hoping this is decision that could finally break the deadlock between belgrade. >> she has a few basic positions, all that can fit into the cramped space at the refugee camp. they fled the territory in 1999
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after the war. nine years later, possible unilaterally declared independence from kosovo. she has never been back. >> still now i cannot believe i am not living in my own country anymore. i feel like i am a guest here. i cry a lot. our roots and our hearts are there. to cut the facilities are pretty basic with shared bathrooms and battered furniture, but some families have lived here for 11 years. now the international court of justice is to offer its opinion on whether the succession was legal. around 30 countries presented arguments. the court will issue an advisory opinion, but could set a legal precedents. serbia would use a ruling in its favor to pressus for fresh talk.
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some here say it is time for belgrade to let go and focus on the goal of eu membership. >> this would mean cuts abokos' independence. i am afraid we will end up in isolation. >> what ever the all come, it will be hard for serbia to turn back the clock. they invested in a recent tv campaign advertising the new state. the past is painful to all sides in this region, but moving on is more difficult still. nobody quite knows which way the court is going to rule. it may be a half with a decision that will please neither.
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to discuss this more i am joined by a political editor "blitz" daily newspaper. >> i think it is a possible outcome of this whole situation, because belgrade has to go to the u.n. and try to present resolution because they are expecting the decision will not be in favor of belgrade. somebody has to decide, and our government is thinking about this being the right moment to put the negotiation on the table, because there is room for it. >> if they push for fresh
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negotiations, it risks opening up a risk between serbia and the 22 member states. when serbia wants to apply for eu membership, that might create a bad feeling. >> i think the assessment in belgrade is there is not going to be a bad feeling, that we're going to be close to compromise when we're talking about northern course abokosovo, becae whatever the decision will be, someone will have to answer the question, how would you rule the northern part? >> what are the implications for other countries in the world that will be watching this decision to see whether it set a legal precedents? >> there are countries that will not be comfortable if the recognition of the independence of kosovo will be ruled as
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positive because there are countries that have similar problems to belgrade like china, russia. nobody can give a guarantee that this is a sole decision in one case. >> thank you. all eyes will be on today's decision. it is the first time that the international court of justice has ever issued a ruling on territorial possession. >> thank you. if you do not know much about cricket, it is a good time to learn it. one of the great bowlers' has bowed out today. his total number of victories was precisely 800. the man nearest to him retired on 708 wickets. we have the moment of the 800
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wicket. extraordinarily achievement. to be the best in the world in any case is something. to be the best in the world coming from are relatively small, hard to imagine how much this means to him. >> yes, it is something that transcends ethnic divider. he isn't regarded and ethnic terms. trilling they are extremely prof him.
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he will continue perhaps in the other formats for now, perhaps playing in the world cut next year, but he is selling out and dating from the scene. he is regarded as irreplaceable because of his astonishing record as a spin bowler. to go there was controversy surrounding his action. -- >> there was controversy surrounding his action. >> for his action, not for his character, he has been one of the most controversial sportsmen you can imagine ever since 1995. there were some accounts that he cannot fully extend his arm. this has drawn people like the australian empire to describe his action in very strong terms. he said diabolical. this is rejected by the
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international community. he said it was only the support of his teammates that carried him through. they insisted he is absolutely clean, and i think they absolutely believe he is clean. he is retiring after controversial career. nonetheless with great pride in what he has achieved. the number of 800 quite an amazing achievement. >> thank you very much indeed for that. on this edition we also heard from the american mothers pleading with the iranians for the release of their children held in tehran, and a legal challenge to the u.s. state of arizona to tackle immigration. thank you for being with us. apply for now. -- bye for now.
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